Putting the brakes on a bacterium that is a major cause of GI distress

Scienmag

July 1, 2022) – As we head outdoors this summer, scientists are working to clip the long, flexible appendages that enable the common bacterium Campylobacter jejuni to make its way from undercooked poultry and natural waterways into our intestinal tract where it makes millions of us sick each year. Biology bacterium brakes distress major PuttingAUGUSTA, Ga.

New study links lactobacillus crispatus bacterium to lower risk of preterm birth

Scienmag

Latest News bacterium birth crispatus lactobacillus links preterm risk studyWashington, DC – June 10, 2022 – Globally, preterm birth complications are the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5.

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Patients with kidney transplants more vulnerable to common, usually harmless bacterium

Scienmag

Technology and Engineering bacterium common harmless kidney Patients transplants vulnerableAUGUSTA, Ga.

Nitrogen-producing process of anammox bacterium finally uncovered

Scienmag

The anammox bacterium and other bacteria use this enzyme to convert toxic nitrite into nitrate. After years of research, the molecular structure of the enzyme responsible for a large part of the global nitrate and nitrogen production by bacteria has finally been uncovered. Now that the working of the enzyme has become clear, new possibilities […]. Atmospheric Science Biochemistry Biology Biomedical/Environmental/Chemical Engineering Microbiology Pollution/Remediation

Secretion of sugar polymers modulates multicellularity in the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus

Scienmag

#news #biotech Using marine bacterium as biocatalyst in biotechnology applications

BioTech 365

Biotechnology, Pharma and Biopharma News – Research – Science – Lifescience ://Biotech-Biopharma-Pharma: Using marine bacterium as biocatalyst in biotechnology applications.Succinic acid is an important precursor for pharmaceutical and cosmetic products and also serves as a component in biodegradable plastics.

Solving a mystery: How the TB bacterium develops rapid resistance to antibiotics

Scienmag

Credit: SDSU For a slow-growing microbe that multiplies infrequently, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the pathogen that causes tuberculosis (TB) has long puzzled researchers as to how it develops resistance to antibiotics so quickly, in a matter of weeks to months.

Boehringer Expands BiomX IBD Biomarker Collab, Shutters Crohn's Trial

BioSpace

Boehringer and BiomX intend to use the discovery platform to identify biomarkers for a pathogenic bacterium thought to be associated with IBD

Study shows why some people may become seriously ill from meningococcal bacteria

Scienmag

Credit: Francesco Righetti Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have come one step closer toward understanding why some people become seriously ill or die from a common bacterium that leaves most people unharmed.

Pathogenic bacteria rendered almost harmless

Scienmag

A gene in tuberculosis bacteria is found essential for siderophore secretion and virulence

Scienmag

of the University of Alabama at Birmingham have made what they call “a major step” in understanding how Mycobacterium tuberculosis acquires iron from its human host — a process essential for the pathogenesis of this bacterium. BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – Lei Zhang, Ph.D.,

Secondary variant of Photorhabdus luminescens interacts with plant roots

Scienmag

New form of insect-pathogenic bacterium extends the options for sustainable crop protection and biological pest control in agriculture Credit: ill./©: Nazzareno Dominelli, Ralf Heermann One of the basic approaches in organic farming is to use organisms beneficial to the system to combat pests. The bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens is one such beneficial organism.

Citrus greening disease can infect an entire tree weeks before symptoms appear

Scienmag

For the first time ever, scientists have been able to measure the speed of a bacterium that causes the incurable citrus greening disease. Citrus greening disease (also known as Huanglongbing) is the most devastating citrus disease in the world.

Researcher receives grant to develop improved Lyme disease diagnostics and therapeutics

Scienmag

Lyme disease is carried by black-legged ticks and infects people when they are bitten and transmit the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Black-legged ticks are especially common in the northeastern United States, and people are exposed to the ticks usually during outdoor activities.

Treating TB: uOttawa scientists collaborate to identify new drug for unique therapeutic approach

Scienmag

The disease is caused by a bacterium, Mycobacterium […].

Researchers peer inside deadly pathogen’s burglary kit

Scienmag

Structural insights about a deadly bacterium’s toolbox point to ways to block it Credit: Maria Schumacher Lab, Duke Biochemistry DURHAM, N.C. – The bacterium that causes the tick-borne disease tularemia is a lean, mean infecting machine.

IgG antibodies in breast milk help shape infants’ gut bacteria and immunity

Scienmag

Researchers have known for some time that maternal breast milk provides critical nutrients for newborns, and antibodies from mothers vaccinated against a specific disease-causing bacterium or virus can be transferred via breast milk to babies. Now a new preclinical study by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators shows that one specific set of antibodies that is induced […]. Latest News Antibodies Bacteria breast gut IgG immunity infants milk shape

Body’s response to different strains of tuberculosis could affect transmission

Scienmag

Two strains of the bacterium causing tuberculosis have only minor genetic differences but attack the lungs in completely different fashion, according to Rutgers researchers.

Researchers develop a new technique to treat middle ear infections

Scienmag

In a new study, researchers have designed a miniaturized 3D-printed device to inactivate Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common bacterium that causes the infection. Credit: Jungeun Won Middle ear infections, also known as otitis media, affect more than 80% of the children in the U.S.

Experimental treatment with enzyme protects mice from lethal anthrax infection

Scienmag

Scientists have demonstrated that modifying an enzyme produced by the bacterium that causes anthrax can protect mice from infection with the deadly disease.

Mycoplasma mobile moves into overdrive: Twin motor modified from ATP synthase discovered

Scienmag

Scientists discover gliding machinery for Mycoplasma mobile to be a new structure that could share ancestry with ATP synthase Credit: Yuya Sasajima (Osaka City University) For more than 20 years, Makoto Miyata from Osaka City University has been studying the gliding motility of the parasitic bacterium Mycoplasma mobile (M.

Hope rising for understanding and protecting against black rot disease

Scienmag

The bacterium Xanthomonas campestris is the major cause of black rot disease, which works by retarding several light-mediated biological processes.

Breakthrough in understanding ‘tummy bug’ bacteria

Scienmag

Credit: University of Exeter Bioimaging Unit Scientists have discovered how bacteria commonly responsible for seafood-related stomach upsets can go dormant and then “wake up” Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a marine bacterium that can cause gastroenteritis in humans when eaten in raw or undercooked shellfish such as oysters and mussels.

Caloric restriction alters microbiome, enhancing weight loss

Scienmag

Credit: UCSF Researchers at UCSF have found that extreme caloric restriction diets alter the microbiome in ways that could help with weight loss but might also result in an increased population of Clostridiodes difficile, a pathogenic bacterium that can lead to severe diarrhea and colitis.

#news #biotech Heat-stable Cas13 enzyme could lead to improved diagnostics and new biotechnological applications

BioTech 365

protein from a heat-loving bacterium allows specific detection of SARS-CoV-2 and other viruses in a … Continue reading → #newsBiotechnology, Pharma and Biopharma News – Research – Science – Lifescience ://Biotech-Biopharma-Pharma: Heat-stable Cas13 enzyme could lead to improved diagnostics and new biotechnological applications.A

Researchers find peptide that treats, prevents killer citrus disease

Scienmag

Treatment causes deadly bacterium to leak and die Credit: Hailing Jin/UCR New research affirms a unique peptide found in an Australian plant can destroy the No.

Common bacteria modified to make designer sugar-based drug

Scienmag

— Envisioning an animal-free drug supply, scientists have — for the first time — reprogrammed a common bacterium to make a designer polysaccharide molecule used in pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals.

Small RNA as a central player in infections

Scienmag

Credit: (Image: Chair of Molecular Infection Biology II / University of Wuerzburg / SCIGRAPHIX) More than half of the world’s population carries the bacterium Helicobacter pylori in their stomach mucosa.

Improving predictions of bacteria in Ala Wai Canal, Hawai‘i

Scienmag

noa scientists highlights the potential for using oceanographic sensors to make accurate predictions of Vibrio vulnificus, an infectious bacterium, in the Ala Wai Canal in Waikiki, Hawai‘i. Recently published research led by University of Hawai‘i (UH) at M?noa By assessing rainfall, water temperature, dissolved nutrients and organic matter the team now has the ability to forecast potential […]. Biology Ala Bacteria canal Hawaii improving predictions Wai

Commensal bacteria ‘vaccine’ may safely prep immune cells for meningitis-causing cousin

Scienmag

Researchers have produced vaccine-like immune responses to a dangerous bacterium by colonizing 26 healthy volunteers with a related, but harmless, commensal bacterial species. The first-in-human, controlled infection study showed the strategy was safe, as no side effects were reported and the volunteers didn’t transmit the commensal bacteria to bedroom-sharers over the 90-day study. Neisseria lactamica […].

Nature article: Dieting and its effect on the gut microbiome

Scienmag

Probiotics increase gut bacteria diversity in extremely preterm infants

Scienmag

A new clinical study has shown that supplements of a lactic acid bacterium may have positive effects by increasing the diversity of intestinal bacteria in these infants. Extremely preterm infants can suffer from a life-threatening inflammation of the gut. The study has been led by researchers at Linköping University, Sweden, and published in the scientific […]. Medicine & Health Clinical Trials Gastroenterology Immunology/Allergies/Asthma Medicine/Health Pediatrics

The bacteria that look after us and their protective weapons

Scienmag

Research being conducted at the University of Seville is working to boost green agriculture through microbial applications Patricia Bernal, a Ramón y Cajal researcher at the Department of Microbiology of the University of Seville’s Faculty of Biology, is working with the bacterium Pseudomonas putida, a biological control agent found in the soil and in plant […].

Mosquito-based method to reduce dengue could be highly cost-effective in Singapore

Scienmag

New research suggests that dengue—a viral infection spread by mosquitos—could be suppressed in Singapore in a highly cost-effective manner through the release of mosquitos infected with the bacterium Wolbachia.

Black patients’ Lyme disease often diagnosed late, possibly due to missed signs

Scienmag

The disease, caused by the tick-borne Borrelia bacterium, generally begins with a bull’s-eye–shaped rash on the skin, along with fever, headache, chills and […].

Cause of 1990s Argentina cholera epidemic uncovered

Scienmag

Work allows genomic monitoring for epidemic strains of Vibrio cholerae bacteria The evolution of epidemic and endemic strains of the cholera-causing bacterium Vibrio cholerae in Argentina has been mapped in detail by researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the University of Cambridge and the INEI-ANLIS “Dr Carlos […].

The new species of bacteria killing palms in Australia

Scienmag

While investigating a disease outbreak in a Queensland botanical gardens, researchers discovered a new species of bacteria that causes a fatal disease in palms The bacterium, which they named Candidatus Phytoplasma dypsidis was found to cause a fatal wilt disease.

#news #biotech Pathogenic bacteria rendered almost harmless

BioTech 365

Biotechnology, Pharma and Biopharma News – Research – Science – Lifescience ://Biotech-Biopharma-Pharma: Pathogenic bacteria rendered almost harmless.Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium present in many ecological niches, such as plant roots, stagnant water or even the pipes of … Continue reading → #news

Inflamed environment is C. diff paradise

Scienmag

diff is a bacterium that causes diarrhea, often with severe or […]. A new study from North Carolina State University shows that the inflammation caused by Clostridioides difficile (C. diff) infection gives the pathogen a two-fold advantage: by both creating an inhospitable environment for competing bacteria and providing nutrients that enable C. diff to thrive. Medicine & Health Bacteriology Gastroenterology Medicine/Health

After 100 years, Cornell University plant pathologists revisit fire blight hypothesis

Scienmag

Credit: Matthew Boucher Historically credited as being the first bacterium ever characterized as a plant pathogen, fire blight is a bacterial disease that leads to significant losses of pear and apple.

The AMR Centre signs agreement to co-develop treatment for gonorrhoea

Drug Discovery Today

to progress a novel treatment to tackle the bacterium that is responsible for gonorrhoea The AMR Centre (AMRC) has today announced a multi-year co-development agreement with Massachusetts-based clinical stage biopharmaceutical company Microbiotix, Inc.

#news #biotech Common bacteria modified to make designer sugar-based drug

BioTech 365

Biotechnology, Pharma and Biopharma News – Research – Science – Lifescience ://Biotech-Biopharma-Pharma: Common bacteria modified to make designer sugar-based drug.Envisioning an animal-free drug supply, scientists have—for the first time—reprogrammed a common bacterium to make a designer polysaccharide molecule used … Continue reading → #news

Microbial genetics: A protean pathogen

Scienmag

The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is linked to increased risk of stomach cancer, and is genetically highly variable. A new study by researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich explores the role played by this diversity in the early phase of infection in adult humans. It is estimated that about half of the world’s population is infected […]. Biology Microbiology